A. BARN SAFETY OVERVIEW
1. Have a plan. Make it known.
2. Maintain Fire Safety Kit. (See C below)
3. Maintain Emergency Kit. (See C below)
4. Eliminate fire hazards around barn.
5. Wear safe attire.
6. Keep calm and stay safe.
7. Know your local firefighter.
B. Barn Safety Checklist
Studies show that if you don't immediately take preventative action within 24 hours, chances are you won't do anything to prepare for a barn fire emergency. When you go to your barn, ask yourself the following questions and JUST DO IT!
Is your address clearly marked at the main roadway AND other side-driveways? Is it visible at night? (Call Station 3 at 781-4068 or Station 5 at 556-5568 for reflective house # signs.)
Is your driveway cleared 12-14ft wide and l3' 6in overhead to allow multiple large fire vehicles to enter your property?
Do you have a fire action plan? Is it clearly posted?
Do your helpers, boarders, students or neighbors know about it?
Do you have a primary and an alternate escape route?
Do you have fire extinguishers? Are they up-to-date on their inspection? Are they accessible? Does everyone in your barn know how they work?
Do you have a fire safety kit? Is it easily accessible?
Do you have NO SMOKING signs posted in and around your barn?
Identify areas away from your barn to allow smoking.
Is your hay stored in the barn? Do you have another option? If not, be sure hay is dry before storing.
Is feed, bedding or hay storage blocking access to exits?
Is everything stored/stacked more than 24in below the ceiling? (To allow water spray over the stored material.)
Are gasoline chemicals or other flammables stored away from the barn?
Do you use box fans? Are they clean? Be sure to turn off when not in use!-the motors can overheat.
Does each stall door have a halter and lead rope on it?
Do you use heaters? Are they at least 4' from any combustibles? Are they stabilized and won't tip over?
Are your extension cords worn, outdated or overloaded?
Do you have an alarm installed?
Schedule a courtesy fire-safety survey of your property.
Questions? Contact Goochland County Fire Marshail Phil Paquette 556-5364l
C. Fire Safety Supplies
FIRE SAFETY KIT: Keep these items together in an accessible place. Do not allow the tools to be used for other purposes. Mark them with red paint, if necessary. Make sure everyone at your barn knows where to find the kit.
o Ladder: long enough to reach the barn roof.
o 100ft of connected garden hose, with spray nozzle.
o Shovel for clearing vegetation.
o Rake for clearing vegetation.
o Fire extinguishers suitable for use in grass fires.
o Water buckets.
o Leather gloves, hot pads (to touch metal latches) bandanas, goggles (for eye-protection).
EMERGENCY KIT: Keep these items together in an accessible place. Use only in the event of an emergency.
o Water bucket.
o Extra halter, lead rope and crop.
o Sheet or blanket (cotton only).
o Equine first aid supplies.
o Veterinarian's phone number.
o Any other items necessary to the care and handling of your horses for about 24 hours.
D. Fire Action Plan
Print the Action Plan on bright paper, complete the information, have it laminated and post copies at each barn entrance.
E. Basic Emergency Information
Need to Make a 911 Emergency Call? Would you know what to say?
The information that you give to a 911 Dispatcher can make the difference in the outcome of your emergency. The following information is provided as a guideline or a reference for you in advance, so you can pre-plan. Hopefully you will never need to call 911, but knowing what to say will make the experience easier.
Basic Information for all emergencies:
What is the location and directions of the emergency?
What is the telephone number from which the call is made?
What is the nature of the emergency?(Fire, tractor roll-over, entrapments, falls)
What is your name?
ALWAYS send someone to the main road to direct emergency personnel to the incident.
Since farmland, barns and other structures can be so spread out; pinpointing an exact location on a farm is very crucial. Make a map of the fields, buildings, and access roads on your farm. Have this handy so you can answer the questions quickly.
lf there are multiple barns, which one is on fire? Describe it using size, colors, or other distinguishing features that can be easily recognized.
ls it going to be easily seen when entering your property? lf not, give specific directions to it using access road proper names and better known names.
What is it near? How close to another building or vehicle is it?
Are there animals inside? How many? What kind?
What else is kept inside? lf pesticides, what type and quantities? Hay? Vehicular equipment?
Are there any special conditions that may interfere with fire/rescue efforts such as muddy fields, narrow lanes, etc.?
How many victims?
What is the condition of the victims? (Conscious, breathing, bleeding, etc.)
What type of first aid is given? (CPR, etc.)
ALWAYS let someone know where and how long you will be there. lf you do not report back in a certain time, you can be checked on.
Make sure family and employee know how to disengage or shut down equipment and the location of fire extinguishers and first aid kits. Having a safety plan is one of the smartest things you can do.
lf there is a farm accident, each person involved in the operation of a farm needs to know the following:
Where and how to turn off ignition on gas powered equipment.
How to operate the fuel shut off on diesel equipment.
How to adjust the tractor seat.
How to drive foward and reverse.
Where and how to turn off lights (to prevent fire).
Location of fire extinguisher.
How to disengage the power take off (PTO).
Location of power lines in relation of movement of equipment.
How to turn off augers and elevators.
How to disconnect electrical power.
How to operate equipment.
How to turn on the fan to get air movement in manure pits.
Location of first aid kits.
Location of other personal protective gear and how to use them. (Respirators/masks, elders mask, safety glasses, etc.)
F. Emergency Checklist
Quantities and location of pesticides
First aid kits
Grain Bin Controls Checklist
How to turn on the aeration fan.
How to turn off the drier.
How to turn off the automatic grain cycling equipment.